Features

Large shade trees provide a cool retreat on hot summer days. They create a source of shelter, nesting sites and nourishment for birds and other wildlife and many turn fabulous shades of gold, orange, red and purple in the fall to brighten the autumn landscape. Trees not only increase the appeal of a property but literally increase the resale value as well. Some shade trees take many years to reach maturity and achieve their full beauty, but they are a worthy investment; creating a more beautiful environment for generations to come.

Uses

Mature deciduous trees provide cooling shade, and are effective in reducing energy used in homes. They provide instant structure to the landscape and make wonderful specimen plants because of the vast array of foliage forms, varied bark, and overall growth habits available. Best used for large scale plantings.

Plant Feed

Slow release feed in spring.

Watering

Water regularly the first three years after planting. Check the soil moisture daily for fast draining soils; weekly for slower drainage. Water when the soil is dry six inches below the surface.

Soil

Organic-rich, well-drained soil.

Basic Care Summary

Water consistently until well-established. Feed a balanced fertilizer formulated for trees and shrubs in the spring, applying according to product directions. Prune as needed to remove dead branches and maintain desired shape.

Planting Instructions

Plant in spring or early fall to give plants the best start.



Choose a location that will allow roots to spread and branches to grow freely. Space plants far enough from building foundations, walls, and decks so that the growing foliage won't crowd the structure. Consider whether tall trees or shrubs will block windows or interfere with the roof or power lines.



To prepare the planting area dig a hole as deep as the root ball and three times as wide. After removing the soil, mix it with some compost or peat moss. This enriches the soil and loosens the existing dirt so that new roots can spread easily.



To remove the plant from the container, gently brace the base of the plant, tip it sideways and tap the outside of the pot to loosen. Rotate the container and continue to tap, loosening the soil until the plant pulls smoothly from the pot. The container can also be removed by carefully cutting it down the side.



Set the plant in the hole. If the root ball is wrapped in burlap fabric this must now be removed along with any string or wire securing the burlap. If roots are tightly packed gently rake them apart with your fingers.



Return the soil to the planting area packing it firmly around the root ball. Fill the hole until the soil line is just at the base of the plant, where the roots begin to flare out from the main stem.



Water the plant well then add a 2” (5cm) layer of mulch, such as shredded bark, around the planting area. Keep the mulch at least 4” (10cm) away from the trunk of the plant as this can keep the bark too moist and cause it to decay.

Watering Instructions

Depending on rainfall, new plants need to be watered weekly through the first growing season. A slow, one-hour trickle of water should do the job. During hot spells thoroughly soaking the ground up to 8” (20 cm) every few days is better than watering a little bit daily. Deep watering encourages roots to grow further into the ground resulting in a sturdier plant with more drought tolerance.



To check for soil moisture use your finger or a hand trowel to dig a small hole and examine the soil. If the first 2-4” (5-10cm) of soil is dry, it is time to water.



Monitor new plants through the first two years to make sure they are getting the moisture they need. After that they should be sturdy enough to survive on their own.

Fertilizing Instructions

Established trees should be fertilized every 2-3 years. Feed in early spring when plants start growing.



Fertilizers are available in many forms: granulated, slow-release, liquid feeds, organic or synthetic. Determine which application method is best for the situation and select a product designed for trees and shrubs, or go with a nutritionally balanced, general-purpose formula such as 10-10-10.



Always follow the fertilizer package directions for application rates and scheduling. Over-fertilizing plants or applying at the wrong time during the growing season can result in plant injury.

Pruning Instructions

Pruning may be needed to remove dead branches, encourage bushier growth, promote more flowers, or maintain a specific size or shape.

Plant Details
Category: Nursery
Available Colors: Flowers in shades of pink, white, red, lavender, yellow, and green
Bloom Time: Spring and summer
Height Range: 20-100' (6.1-30.5m)
Space Range: 10-60' (3-18.3m)
Lowest Temperature: -20° to -10°F (-29° to -23°C)
Plant Light: Full Sun
Companion Plants: Groundcover, Shrubs, Shade perennials
USDA Zone: 5-9

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